The Programme “Childhood with Full Rights, Now!” promotes actions aimed at achieving children’s comprehensive development in Brazil and Peru
CLADE is part of the group of organizations participating in the project, coordinated by Save the Children, and recently launched in Petrolina, Brazil
May 18, 2010
|The programme proposes a broad articulation in favor of the global improvement of the living conditions of children aged 0-5
Two countries, two regions, countless boys and girls between 0 and 5 years old living in extreme socioeconomic vulnerability. These are the starting points of the programme “Childhood with Full Rights, Now!”, recently launched in the city of Petrolina, Brazil. The project is coordinated by Save the Children in strategic partnership with several entities – among them, CLADE – and with the support of the European Commission. The target countries are Brazil and Peru – and more specifically, the North-East semi-arid region and the Acomayo district in Cuzco. The proposal envisages the development of comprehensive actions regarding health care, education, nutrition and protection of 50.4 thousand children in Brazil and 2 thousand children in Peru.
“Boys and girls in early childhood need integral attention; this determines the need to take action in several areas, responding to policy articulation in relation to health care, protection, nutrition, education. We aim to achieve, by the end of the programme, the strengthening of governmental and civil society actions in favor of children’s survival and full development. Hence the importance of establishing a social basis, involving governments, communities and especially families, which play a fundamental role in this process”, affirms Polyanna Magalhães, Coordinator of the Education Area of Save the Children, Brazil.
Diversity is an important factor for this project, which in addition to the target municipalities also involves the quilombo* of Conceição das Crioulas in Brazil as well as indigenous communities in both countries. As a contribution to the programme, CLADE will conduct a consultation regarding boys and girls between 0 and 5 years old with the purpose of understanding how discrimination affects them and how schools perceive and face this issue. This aims at contributing to the formulation and implementation of public policies that guarantee an education without discrimination in early childhood. Furthermore, the Campaign proposes the elaboration of financing indicators to guarantee the right to education of children from 0 to 5 years old, based on the conceptual framework of the 4As – Availability, Adaptability, Accessibility and Acceptability – and the constitution of the Latin American Network for Children’s Education. A first step to carry out the above proposals has been taken by means of holding the International Seminar “The Right to Education in Early Childhood”, in march 2010 (see here the Advocacy Plan designed during the event).
The Brazilian semi-arid region presents the worst social indicators of the country. Out of their 26.4 million inhabitants, almost 11 millions are aged between 0 and 17. According to UNICEF, in 95% cities in the region, the child mortality rate is higher than the national average, and in 31% it is more than two times higher. Moreover, 350 thousand children between 10 and 14 years old do not attend school; in average, it takes students 11 years to complete basic education, the duration of which is 8 years in Brazil. Another alarming datum is that 75% of children come from families whose per capita income is lower than 100 dollars and 40% of them do not have access to drinking water.
At the same time, in Peru, only 1.6 % of children of rural areas have access to early childhood education. 40% of children between 3 and 5 years old do not attend early childhood education and care centers and in rural areas this percentage increases to 50%. The knowledge of Quechua language and the area’s culture is generally poor among teachers, and few of them are capable of adapting the curricula to the local culture. Acomayo is a rural district where over half of the population speaks Quechua. In Cuzco province, the data concerning the provision of early childhood (aged 0-3) education and care is almost inexistent but it can be observed that the coverage of early childhood education is still critical in the most vulnerable communities.
*Hinterland settlement founded by people of African origin, Quilombolas.