If the same line reasoning were applied the furnishing free medical and surgical service municipalities and the assumed cost were estimated in like manner upon the scale charges made medical and surgical specialists in private practice, the dependent poor our centers population would undoubtedly deprived the inestimable benefits hospital service and medical and surgical attention which they now receive free in every city and town considerable importance throughout Our knowledge the direct relationship which dental disorders thesis paper writing bear physical disabilities and various forms bodily ill health but comparatively recent growth and recognition the far-reaching and intrinsic importance the subject has not yet reached that stage development and general acceptance which places in the category common knowledge, hence the developmental stage the whole question furnishes perhaps a sufficient explanation why dental and oral treatment has not been generally included in the free health service which municipalities generally render their communities.
The establishment free dental clinics under municipal control however, being gradually accomplished and the experiments thus far instituted in that direction have developed most interesting and valuable results. The character and extent dental service which can properly rendered in the free dental dispensary under municipal control essentially different that which would rendered a private practitioner a class patients financially able pay a commensurate fee for the more elaborate character service required.
The ideal the free dental clinic being exclusively the prevention and relief suffering and disease at the lowest possible cost the taxpayer, the artistic and cosmetic ideals the private practitioner are largely excluded and as they constitute the principal elements the cost private dental service, has been found that their elimination in hospital practice a relatively large reduction The municipal free dental clinic established several years ago in Philadelphia under the direction the Bureau Health with a volunteer corps dental operators who served without compensation, was ultimately reorganized Act Councils providing for a staff twelve paid operators each per annum, and a Chief Clinic with a yearly compensation. An attendant nurse was also provided for at a yearly salary. A sum, was appropriated which, was for equipment and the balance was for maintenance.
buy essay online cheap I indebted Dr. Piercy McCullough, Chief the Free Dental Clinic, for the following data which have enabled present you the cost per capita for the effective dental service which has been rendered free the school children Philadelphia from January June, inclusive, covering the principal period the Total number patients treated, Number operations per patient. Total cost salaries, maintenance, supplies, etc. for the same period Making the cost pro rata service for each patient.
The records the Dental Clinic present an interesting array figures exhibiting in detail the extent and character the dental defects among public school children Philadelphia and data which strongly indicate the kind service needed correct and remove this obviously preventable source physical and mental deficiency, but, interesting as the analysis these important records would the limitations imposed the title this paper forbid more than a reference their value act essay help as bearing upon the psycho-physiological aspects the public education question.
The bearing the data herein presented upon the economic aspect the public education problem however, striking importance business letter writing services not only in its relation the efficiency the child school age but particularly in relation the extension this beneficent service public school children generally under the direction and control municipal boards health where such service naturally belongs and where alone, under existing social conditions, can effectively Reliable sources information give the following figures as representing the cost per pupil per year education in the public schools SOME ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF PUBLIC DENTAL SERVICE Of the various disabilities which operate retard children in their school progress and necessitate their retention in grades through which under normal conditions physical and mental health they should have regularly passed, safe estimate that not less than ten per cent, are preventable dental origin. Investigation has shown that one-third, pupils in the public schools Philadelphia are over age for their school grade children have been thirty months or more in the same grade while, pupils have been recorded as beginning for the third time in the same lessons.
From these data has been contended with much justice that many children are mentally incapable pursuing their studies.
The direct causal relation which physical defects in general bear mental inefficiency one the demonstrated deductions modern psychological research and now beyond the limits controversy. I have placed the percentage dental disorders at not less than ten in the total physical mba assignment writing help defects that operate bring about the retardation the child in his educational I without data as the proportion school children in Philadelphia whose retarded educational progress due physical defects.
Figures presented in the official report Minister Public Instruction New South Wales indicate that in that division the Australian Commonwealth between twenty and twenty-five per cent, pupils, as the report states, were suffering from physical defects which appeared likely interfere with physical development and their progress in school work.
From the close parallelism data relating anthropometric measurements and general physical conditions resulting from examinations in America and European countries in comparison with those given for New South Wales fair presume that from twenty twenty-five per cent, a conservative estimate the extent physical defects which ordinarily exert a retarding influence upon the progress public school children. Using that figure as a basis then appears that if cost the city Philadelphia, maintain one-fourth its public school children because physical defects an additional year in a grade beyond which they should have, under normal health conditions, regularly advanced, and if ten per cent, this amount may fairly charged remedial dental defects, then, was expended upon the education retarded children which might have been saved the taxpayer at a cost, for free dental service. I have attempted arrange the data here presented in such manner as will portray from an economic standpoint the gravity and importance the need for free dental service public school children as a legitimate activity our municipal departments public health. I well aware that the estimates given fall short scientific accuracy and as they are based almost exclusively upon the records a single municipal free dental clinic, are therefore an insufficient basis for any broad generalization. However, the single instance the Philadelphia Clinic has demonstrated that an average expenditure cents per child will secure freedom from a large source dental disability and that the ratio between that small item expended for conservation, as against the cost additional education retarded children reason dental disability a strong instance the general truth the proposition that in matters health, conservation less costly than the care the human wreckage produced disease. THE STATUS OF SCHOOL DENTISTRY, , Original Status. In the beginning, school dentistry possessed no status whatever, nay, more, was regarded with suspicion and distrust, ridicule and contempt, aversion and hostility. Many looked upon as a visionary idea promulgated enthusiasts some educators declared too paternal if the teeth, why not the eyes, the ears, the nose, the throat where would this movement end? Others regarded in the light an unwarranted intrusion upon domestic functions, and the untutored public believed a clever scheme providing employment for idle dentists while friends opined that, at its best, was an impracticable plan take care children's teeth.